Today in History: Today is Monday, February 21, 2022. It is Presidents Day.

Today’s highlight in the story:

On February 21, 1975, former Attorney General John N. Mitchell and former White House aides HR Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman were sentenced to 2 1/2 to 8 years in prison for their role in the Watergate cover-up (each ended up serving 1 1/2 years).

To this date :

In 1437, James I, King of Scotland, was assassinated; his 6-year-old son succeeds him under the name of Jacques II.

In 1885, the Washington Monument was dedicated.

In 1911, the composer Gustav Mahler, despite the fever, conducted the New York Philharmonic at Carnegie Hall in what turned out to be his last concert (he died the following May).

In 1948, NASCAR was incorporated.

In 1964, the first shipment of American wheat purchased by the Soviet Union arrived in the port of Odessa.

In 1965, minister and civil rights activist Malcolm X, 39, was shot dead in the Audubon Ballroom in Harlem, New York. (Three men identified as members of the Nation of Islam were convicted of murder and jailed; all were eventually paroled. The convictions of two of the men were overturned in November 2021; prosecutors said new evidence had undermined the charges against them.)

In 1972, President Richard M. Nixon began his historic visit to China as he and his wife, Pat, arrived in Beijing.

In 1973, Israeli warplanes shot down Libyan Arab Airlines Flight 114 over the Sinai desert, killing all but five of the 113 people on board.

In 1992, Kristi Yamaguchi (yah-mah-GOO’-chee) of the United States won the gold medal in women’s figure skating at the Albertville Olympics; Midori Ito (mee-doh-ree ee-toh) of Japan won silver, Nancy Kerrigan of the United States bronze.

In 1995, Chicago adventurer Steve Fossett became the first person to fly solo across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon, landing in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada.

In 2018, the Reverend Billy Graham, a confidant of presidents and the most widely heard Christian evangelist in history, died at his North Carolina home; he was 99 years old.

In 2019, teachers in Oakland, California went on strike in the latest in a wave of teacher activism that had included walkouts in Denver, Los Angeles and West Virginia.

In 2020, a temporary truce between the United States and the Taliban in Afghanistan came into effect, setting the stage for the two sides to sign a peace accord the following week.

Ten years ago: the euro zone made up of 17 nations approved a $170 billion bailout for Greece, which received the news with a mixture of relief and apprehension.

Five years ago: President Donald Trump condemned recent threats against Jewish community centers in the United States as “painful reminders” of lingering prejudice and evil; the president also denounced “bigotry, intolerance and hatred in all its most ugly forms” during his first visit to the Smithsonian’s new black history museum. Conservative writer Milo Yiannopoulos (MY’-loh yuh-NAH’-poh-lihs) has resigned as editor of Breitbart News, apologizing for comments he made in music videos in which he seemed to advocate sex between men and boys when he was young as 13.

A year ago: Hospitals across the southern United States grappled with water main breaks and patient transfers as the region continued its efforts to recover from winter weather that crippled parts of the country. Liberty, New York, police say an expectant father was killed when a device he was building for a gender reveal party exploded. Novak Djokovic beat Daniil Medvedev in straight sets to claim his ninth Australian Open championship and 18th Grand Slam title.

Today’s birthdays: Director Bob Rafelson turns 89. Actor Gary Lockwood is 85 years old. Actor-director Richard Beymer is 83 years old. Actor Peter McEnery is 82 years old. 76. Tricia Nixon Cox is 76 years old. Former Sen. Olympia J. Snowe, R-Maine, is 75. Rock musician Jerry Harrison (The Talking Heads) is 73 years old. Actress Christine Ebersole is 69 years old. Actor William Petersen is 69 years old. Actor Kelsey Grammer is 67 years old. Singer/guitarist Larry Campbell is 67 years old. Country singer Mary Chapin Carpenter is 64. Actor Kim Coates is 64 years old. Actor Jack Coleman is 64 years old. Actor Christopher Atkins is 61 years old. Actor William Baldwin is 59 years old. Senator Mark Kelly, D-Arizona, is 58 years old. Rock musician Michael Ward is 55. Actor Aunjanue Ellis is 53 years old. Blues musician Corey Harris is 53 years old. Country singer Eric Heatherly is 52. Rock musician Eric Wilson is 52 years old. Rock musician Tad Kinchla (Blues Traveler) is 49 years old. Singer Rhiannon Giddens (Carolina Chocolate Drops) is 45. Actor Tituss Burgess is 43 years old. nnifer Love Hewitt is 43 years old. Comedian-actor Jordan Peele is 43 years old. Actor Brendan Sexton III is 42 years old.

Singer Charlotte Church is 36 years old. Actor Ashley Greene is 35 years old. Actor Elliot Page is 35 years old. Actor Corbin Bleu is 33 years old. Actor Hayley Orrantia is 28 years old. Actor Sophie Turner is 26 years old.

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