Today in History – The Boston Globe
In 1789, in an event symbolizing the start of the French Revolution, the citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille prison and freed the seven prisoners inside.
In 1798, Congress passed the Sedition Act, making it a federal crime to publish false, scandalous, or malicious writings about the United States government.
In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., aka “Billy the Kid”, was shot dead by Sheriff Pat Garrett at Fort Sumner in what is now New Mexico.
In 1912, American folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie (“This Land Is Your Land”) was born in Okemah, Oklahoma.
In 1933, all German political parties, with the exception of the Nazi Party, were banned.
In 1945, Italy officially declared war on Japan, its former Axis partner in World War II.
In 1976, Jimmy Carter won the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in New York.
In 1980, the Republican National Convention opened in Detroit, where apparent nominee Ronald Reagan told a welcome rally that he and his supporters were determined to “make America great again.”
In 2004, the Senate defeated a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage. (Forty-eight senators voted to push the measure forward — 12 less than the 60 needed — and 50 voted to block it).
In 2009, disgraced financier Bernard Madoff arrived at Butner Federal Correctional Complex in North Carolina to begin serving a 150-year sentence for his massive Ponzi scheme. (Madoff died in prison in April 2021.)
In 2012, a suicide bomber blew himself up among guests at a wedding hall in northern Afghanistan, killing 23 people, including a former Uzbek warlord turned lawmaker who was the father of the bride.
In 2015, world powers and Iran reached an agreement to curb Iran’s nuclear program in exchange for relief from international sanctions.
In 2016, terror struck the July 14 celebrations in Nice, on the French Riviera, when a large truck rammed into a celebrating crowd, killing 86 people in an attack claimed by extremists from the Islamic State; the driver was shot dead by the police.
In 2017, a Russian-American lobbyist said he attended a June 2016 meeting with President Donald Trump’s son, presented as part of a Russian government effort to help the Republican campaign. Arab assailants opened fire from inside a prominent Jerusalem shrine, killing two Israeli policemen before being shot.
In 2020, researchers reported that the first COVID-19 vaccine tested in the United States boosted people’s immune systems as scientists had hoped; the vaccine was developed by the National Institutes of Health and Moderna Inc. The federal government carried out its first execution in nearly two decades, killing by lethal injection Daniel Lewis Lee, who had been convicted of murdering a family of Arkansas in a 1990s plot to build an all-white nation in the Pacific Northwest.
A year ago: The World Health Organization reported that deaths from COVID-19 increased worldwide in the previous week after nine consecutive weeks of decline; the setback triggered another round of restrictions. The US government reported drug overdose deaths hit a record high of 93,000 in 2021 amid the COVID-19 pandemic; experts said the shutdowns and other restrictions had isolated drug users and made treatment harder to get.